The 2nd Stage of a Home Inspection.
Home Inspection – Recapping Part 1
In our previous article 2 Stages of a Home Inspection, we discuss Part 1 of a residential home inspection. The article examines various aspects of an inspection while providing an informative overview of what Final Step Home Inspections provides clients during the outdoor stage of the property inspection.
Part 2: Taking what we learn and moving it forward
The certified home inspector documents any areas of concern once the outdoor assessment is complete and notes any signs of settlement or weathering that could be affecting particular areas within the home.
Consider the details
Similar to the outdoor inspection, I prefer to start my inspections from the top of the home examining the attic and then working my way down into any accessible basements or crawlspaces that may be present. I also take into account a few other factors such the age and style of the home as they tend to trigger specific structural considerations.
For example: In a Century home it is very common to find knob and tube wiring, galvanized plumbing, a lack of insulation, as well as wet basements and stone foundations; or a split level home tends to have both a partial basement and crawl space. As well, if the split level was built during the 70’s it was common to use aluminum wiring for the electrical work and that wiring can still be found in the present.
Inspecting from top to bottom
As a licensed home inspector, as I begin the inspection of the interior I utilize several main categories to ensure for a thorough inspection. Within each category there are numerous items big and small that get examined for condition and safety levels. Below are a few examples that will give you a good sense of insight into the process:
Home Interior – Check condition of walls, ceilings, closets, cupboards, door knobs, latches/locks, along with windows and doors. Signs of mold, fire damage or water staining. Stability of handrails
Heating & A/C (Hvac) – duct work return and supply, natural gas/oil/electrical furnaces, furnace air flow water heaters
Electrical – Signs of knob & tube, Aluminum wiring, test any visible outlets/GFCI’s, switches, safety systems, exhaust vents
Plumbing – water meter, condition of waste drains, copper/pex or galvanized pipes, proper drainage of basins and toilets, check for leaks, missing parts
Structure – attic structural integrity including rafter and trusses, sheathing, ventilation systems (enough?), settled floors, staircase conditions, missing insulation